Guru and Disciple

Guru&disciples_sml

 

In chapter 21 of “Goraksha Samhita Vol 1 (Bhutiprakaran)”, the great guru Gorakhnath gave the characteristics of a guru (and a disciple). On guruji’s instruction, I’ve excerpted that section here for the benefit of all those who are in the search of a guru.

[English translation is done by Dr. Lakshmi Warier. Transliteration of verses is in IAST scheme.]  Aditya Naredy

????????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????
?????????????????????? ?????????????????? || 18  ||

gurupras?d?t labhyeta n?nyath? tu kad?cana
gurumanve?yedyatn?t sarva??stravi??rada? || 18  ||

But one will certainly attain (success) only by the grace of the preceptor and not otherwise, never, (hence) one should search for a preceptor with effort who is well versed in all the sastras.

??????????????????? ???????????????????
???????????????? ??????????????? || 19 ||

?r?matottaratatvaj?a? sphu?av?ksatyav?dina?
?ubhade?asamutpanna? ?ubhaj?tisamudbhava? || 19 ||

One who knows the truth of the answers of Siva/ Srimata, one who speaks clearly, one who speaks only the truth, born in an auspicious place, and born in an auspicious family/caste.

??????????????? ? ????? ?????????????
???????????????? ????????? ????? ?????? || 20 ||

kak?r???akasa?bh?to na guru? k?rayetpriye
kacchako?alak??m?ra? k?r???aka? ko?ka?a udbhava? || 20 ||

Oh dear, one should not accept a preceptor if he is born of eight kakaaras or words starting with the letter ‘ka ‘- born in Kaccha, Kosala, Kashmira , Karnata and Konkana region.

??????? ? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????
??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? || 21 ||

k?mar?pa? na v? dev? k?nc?ka? kolade?ajam
ai?u de?e?u ye j?t? ?c?ry? varjayeta priye || 21 ||

Oh goddess, and not one who is born in Kaamaroopa, not from Kanchi or the region of Kola (Bengal), oh dear, one should avoid the people born in these places as their preceptors.

????????? ? ?????????? ????? ???????????
??? ???? ? ???????? ???????? ? ?????? || 22 ||

atid?rgha? ca atikra??a? kekara? ?y?madantaka?
agha? c??a? ca khalv??am dvicarma ca karka?a? || 22 ||

Very tall, very dark, squint –eyed, one with dark/black teeth, a sinner, one-eyed, bald-headed, double skinned and very harsh.

???????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ? ????????
????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????????? || 23 ||

ku??hina? vikala? saccara? ?a?ha? m?rkha? ca krodhita?
k?m?turam tath? lubdha? d?mbhika? kalahapriyam || 23 ||

One who is suffering from leprosy, disabled, ……………..(sarcha?), stubborn, foolish and angry, lustful, greedy, deceited and fond of fighting/arguing.

?????????? ????? ???????????????????
?????????????? ? ????????????????? || 24 ||

agamy?gamane sakta? mithy?v?dipral?pita?
bahuy?naprasakta? ca v?rabh?ry?bhig?mina? || 24 ||

One who is engaged in going to a place that is prohibited, unnecessarily arguing and blabbering, engaged in traveling a lot and approaching the wife of an aspirant.

?????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ???
???? ??????????? ?????????????? || 25 ||

asatya? jalpate yastu paranind?rata? sad?
aneka vyasan?sakta? paramarmaprak??aka? || 25 ||

One who utters lies and is always engaged in blaming others, engrossed in many vices and one who exposes the weak points of others.

??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????
??????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? || 26 ||

apriya? ni??hura? du??a? kutsita? samaya acyuta?
vij??ninam sak??astha? anyav?darata? tath? || 26 ||

One who is not pleasant, very cruel, wicked, contemptible/low and one who deviates from conditions, knowledgeable but situated in secret work and one who argues for others.

??? ???????????? ? ?????? ?????????????
????????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ?????? || 27 ||

eva? gu?asam?yukta? na gurum k?rayetpriye
?tm?nti vi?a?bitastena yenaiva? guru? sevita? || 27 ||

Oh dear, one should not accept as preceptor a person with above mentioned (bad) qualities ,he who serves such a preceptor has ridiculed himself/his soul.

??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ? ? ???????
?????????? ???? ? ?????? ????? ?????? || 28 ||

neha loke sukha? tasya paratra na ca vidyate
kalahodvega? ?oka? ca sa?t?pa? j?yate priye || 28 ||

He has no happiness in this world nor is he happy in the other world/elsewhere he also experiences, oh dear, arguments, anxieties, grief and worries/mental agony.

??????? ????????????? ?????????? ????? ????
??????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??????? || 29 ||

tasm?t sarvaprayatnena supar?k?ya guru? kuru
y?dra?o hi gurordevi ?i?yo’pi yadi t?dra?a? || 29 ||

Hence by taking much effort and by testing well one should accept a preceptor, oh goddess, (because) however the preceptor is, so shall the disciple be.

?????????? ? ??????? ????????????? ???????
??????? ? ?????? ? ???????????? || 30 ||

siddhayanti ca var?rohe guru?i?yairna c?nyath?
subhakta? ca vin?ta? ca samay?c?rap?laka? || 30 ||

Oh excellent rider, otherwise the preceptor and the disciple do not succeed. (Characteristics of a disciple:) Well- devoted, modest and maintain conditions and customs.

??????????? ? ????????????? ???
?????? ????????? ?????? ??????????????? || 31 ||

sa?s?rabhayabh?ta? ca gurup?d?rcane rata?
??nta? day?nvita? ?uddha? malam?y?vivarjita? || 31 ||

One who is afraid of the horrors of this world, engaged in worshiping the feet of the preceptor, calm by nature, compassionate, pure, and devoid of evil/dirt and illusion.

??????????????????????? ??????????????????
????????????????? ????????????? || 32 ||

sarvadvandvinirmukta? dambhapai?unyavarjita?
guruyogikum?r???? tapasvijanap?jaka? || 32 ||

Completely free from all pairs/conflicts (dwands) devoid of deceit and wickedness and one who worships preceptor, yogis, virgins (kumaris) and pious people who follow austere life.

???????????????? ?? ???????? ????????
?????? ???? ?? ?????? ? ?????? ??????????? || 33 ||

?kro?itast?dito v? guru??pi viv?sita?
vir?ga? yasya vai n?sti sa ?i?ya? siddhibh?jana? || 33 ||

Shouted at and scolded (toodita) or banished by the preceptor who does not develop detachment he is the real disciple who attains success.

?????? ???? ???? ? ?????? ???????????????
??????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? || 34 ||

evam?di gu?o yasya sa ?i?yo muktibh?gbhavet
d?k?ayitv? vidh?nena abhi?eka? prad?payet || 34 ||

He who has such qualities, that disciple will attain liberation, having followed the vow/deekshaa, he should do ablution as prescribed.

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